Science—Leopard Facts

Part of the cat family,leopard’s bodies are built for hunting.They are solitary animals,hunting at night and often drag their food up trees for safe keeping.
Leopard

  • Leopards are part of the
    cat family, Felidae. The
    scientific name for a
    leopard is Panthera pardus.
  • Leopards are well known
    for their cream and gold
    spotted fur, but some
    leopards have black fur
    with dark spots. These
    black leopards are often mistaken for panthers.
  • Adult leopards are solitary
    animals. Each adult leopard
    has its own territory where
    it lives and, although they
    often share parts of it, they
    try to avoid one another.
  • Leopard

  • A leopard’s body is built for
    hunting. They have sleek,
    powerful bodies and can
    run at speeds of up to 57
    kilometres per hour. They
    are also excellent swimmers and climbers
    and can leap and jump long
    distances.
  • A leopard’s tail is just
    about as long as its entire
    body. This helps it with
    balance and enables it to
    make sharp turns quickly.
  • Leopards are mostly
    nocturnal, hunting prey at
    night.
  • Leopards protect their food
    from other animals by
    dragging it high up into the
    trees. A leopard will often
    leave their prey up in the
    tree for days and return only when they are hungry!
  • Female leopards give birth
    to a little of two or three
    cubs at a time. By the time
    a cub is two years old it will
    leave the company of its
    mother and live on their own.
  • Leopard

  • When a female leopard is
    ready to mate she will give
    a scent and rub her body on
    the trees to leave her smell
    there. Male leopards either
    smell the females scent or hear her call to know that
    she is ready to mate.
  • Some people believe that
    the bones and whiskers of
    leopards can heal sick
    people. Many leopards are
    killed each year for their
    fur and body parts and this is one reason why the
    leopard is an endangered
    animal. While they were
    previously found in the wild
    in a number of areas
    around the world, their habitat is largely restricted
    to sub-Saharan Africa with
    small numbers also found
    in India, Pakistan,
    Malaysia, China and
    Indochina.
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